Charles Franklin Brooks founded the American Meteorological Society in 1919.
Born in St. Paul, Minnesota, Brooks studied engineering at the University of Illinois in 1907, and entered Harvard College in 1908, where he received his AB in 1911, his MA in 1912, and his PhD in 1914, earning the second PhD awarded in meteorology in the US at that time. His thesis was a study of snowfall in the Eastern United States.
Brooks worked as a researcher at the Blue Hill Observatory in 1912-1913, and then taught meteorology and geography at Harvard and Radcliffe in 1913-1914, at Yale 1915-1918, at the US Army Signal Corps School in College Station, Texas in 1918, at Clark University 1921-32, and again at Harvard from 1931-1957, with a visiting professorship at the University of Chicago in 1939.
He was editor of the Monthly Weather Review from 1918 through 1921, Director of the Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory (1931-1957), President of the Mount Washington Observatory (1932-1958), and Meteorological Director of the Mount Washington Observatory (1932-1946). Other professional activities included a term as President of the Association of American Geographers in 1947-48.
Dr. Brooks is best remembered for his roles as founder and Secretary of the American Meteorological Society (1919-1954).