American Meteorological Society



A few of the most common reference types are shown here. Each in-text citation must have a corresponding reference, and each reference listed must be cited in the text.


Last name and initials of author(s), year of publication of journal, title of paper, title of journal*, volume of journal, number of issue (only if required for identification), and page range.

Charney, J. G., and A. Eliassen, 1964: On the growth of the hurricane depression. J.
        Atmos. Sci.
, 21, 68–75.

*AMS journals are abbreviated as follows:
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society: Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.
Earth Interactions: Earth Interact.
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology: J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology: J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.
Journal of Climate: J. Climate
Journal of Hydrometeorology: J. Hydrometeor.
Journal of Physical Oceanography: J. Phys. Oceanogr.
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences: J. Atmos. Sci.
Monthly Weather Review: Mon. Wea. Rev.
Weather and Forecasting: Wea. Forecasting
Weather, Climate, and Society: Wea. Climate Soc.

The Chemical Abstracts Service has a handy online tool that you can use to find journal abbreviations. Searching for only one word at a time (for example, “meteorology”) seems to work best.

AMS style deviates from CASSI’s on a few words as shown in the following table:


Where AMS Differs from CASSI    
American Am. Amer.
Climate Clim. Climate
Meteorological Meteorol. Meteor.
Japan Jpn. Japan
Royal R. Roy.


Last name and initials of author(s), year of publication of book, title of book (italicized), publisher’s name, and total pages.

Wallace, J. M., and P. V. Hobbs, 1977: Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey.
        Academic Press, 350 pp.


Last name and initials of author(s) of the chapter, year of publication of book, title of the chapter, title of book (italicized), name of editor(s), publisher’s name, and page range.

Anthes, R. A., 1986: The general question of predictability. Mesoscale Meteorology and Forecasting, P. S. Ray, Ed., Amer. Meteor. Soc., 636–656.

For a chapter in a book that is part of a monograph series, the format is similar but includes the volume and number of the monograph.

Arakawa, A., 1993: Closure assumption in the cumulus parameterization problem. The
        Representation of Cumulus Convection in Numerical Models, Meteor. Monogr.
, No.
        46, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 1–16.


Last name and initials of author(s); year of publication; title of paper; indication of the publication as a preprints, proceedings, or extended abstracts volume; name of conference volume (italicized or underlined); city and state where conference was held; conference sponsor’s name; and page range or paper number and URL.

Kalnay, E., and Z. Toth, 1994: Removing growing errors in the analysis cycle. Preprints,
        10th Conf. on Numerical Weather Prediction, Portland, OR, Amer. Meteor. Soc.,

References should be to peer-reviewed literature whenever possible. Technical reports, conference proceedings, and other “gray literature” should be referenced only when no other source of the material is available, and an “available at” address or URL should be provided for reports and dissertations.


In-Text Citations

The in-text citation should consist of the author's name and year of publication, [e.g., “according to Rossby (1945),” or “as shown by an earlier study (Rossby 1945)”]. When there are two or more papers by the same author in the same year, the distinguishing suffix (a,b, etc.) should be added.

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