American Meteorological Society


Components of a Manuscript

Title Page:

The manuscript title, name and affiliation of each author, any current or additional affiliations, and corresponding author address and e-mail need to appear on the first page in the manuscript file.


A concise (≤250 words) abstract is required at the beginning of each article and, at the discretion of the chief editors, at the beginning of appropriate shorter contributions. Authors should summarize their conclusions and methods in the abstract. First-person construction (e.g., I/my/we/our) and reference citations are not permitted. Please note the abstract text in the manuscript must match exactly the abstract text entered in the abstract field of the upload system.

Capsule:  (for BAMS only)

Include in the text of the manuscript (before or after the abstract) a short (20-30 words maximum) Capsule Summary of your Article (no capsule is required for Nowcast, InBox, or Meeting Summary manuscripts.) The Capsule Summary will be placed underneath the title and authors of your article. The more detailed Abstract will be placed on a separate page in the front of the magazine.

Body Text:

The text should be divided into sections, each with a separate heading and numbered consecutively. The section/subsection headings should be typed on a separate line [e.g., 1. Introduction, a. Data, 1) RADIOSONDE, and (i) Experiment 1].  (Sections in BAMS need not be numbered)


The AMS expects that topically relevant funding sources and conflicts of interest are fully disclosed in the Acknowledgments of all submissions. Please omit the word “number” from grant or contract acknowledgments.


Auxiliary analyses or tables whose details are subordinate to the main theme of the paper should normally appear in an appendix. Please note that any tables or figures intended to appear in an appendix should not be embedded and must be located after the references with the other manuscript tables and figures. Each appendix must have a title. Example:

Use of Model Data

References and Citations:

References should be arranged alphabetically without numbering. Details regarding formatting of references can be accessed here. The in-text citation should consist of the author's name and year of publication, [e.g., “according to Rossby (1945),” or “as shown by an earlier study (Rossby 1945)”]. When there are two or more papers by the same author in the same year, the distinguishing suffix (a,b, etc.) should be added.


The tables cannot be embedded in the body of the manuscript. They should appear after the references and before the figures. Each table must be cited specifically in the text and in numerical order. All tables should have a double-spaced caption. Authors should use font styles such as bold and italic to highlight information within the table. Tables cannot contain shading or underlining; footnotes can be used to convey additional information.

Figure captions:

Each figure must have an adequate caption, and the full caption text must appear beneath the figure in the built PDF. In addition, a list of figure captions must be included in the manuscript at the revision stage. The list should appear after the references and before the figures are displayed individually.


The figures cannot be embedded in the body of the manuscript. The figures should display once at the end of the system-built PDF with the full caption text.  It is the policy of the AMS Publications Commission that the use of color in figures during peer review must match the color or black and white format that will appear in print.

Please note all figure source files for production are required at the revision stage. The print-quality original figure files must be uploaded in one of the accepted formats for Journals or BAMS. Individual figure files should contain only a single figure, and multiple-panel figures that will appear on a single page should be combined into a single file whenever possible. Color figures should be generated in RGB mode. Authors should submit one complete figure per file. Note that BAMS encourages the use of color by authors and does not levy additional charges for color figures.Technical editors may resize the figures for layout purposes. Additional digital art guidelines can also be accessed online. Note: it is the policy of the AMS Publications Commission that the final published print and online versions of manuscripts must be identical including in the use of color.

For additional information regarding which item type to select when uploading your figure source files, please refer to the list of item types.

Supplemental Material:

Supplemental material is material that authors wish to be considered by the editor for online-only publication; it should not be essential to the article itself, which should stand alone. This may include animations or other inherently digital material. Supplemental material should be uploaded as a separate file (and designated with the item type “Supplemental Material”).

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