Weather and Climate in the 2015 Budget
Paul A.T. Higgins and Shalini Mohleji
- The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) requests $462 million for the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (up 8.3 percent), $2.3 billion for the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (up 7.9 percent), $1.1 billion for the National Weather Service (down 0.4 percent), and $519 million for the National Ocean Service (up 4.2 percent).
- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) requests $1.8 billion in base funding for Earth Sciences (down 3.1 percent) plus $886 million from the Opportunity, Growth, and Security Initiative. Earth Sciences would receive $450 million for Earth Science Research (up 6.4 percent), $36 million for Applied Sciences (up 11.7 percent), $266 million for Earth System Science Pathfinder (up 50.6 percent), and $786 million for Earth Systematic Missions (down 3.7 percent).
- The National Science Foundation (NSF) request for weather and climate related-research is largely unchanged this year. $1.3 billion would go to Geosciences (up 0.1 percent), with Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences receiving $241 million (up 0.4 percent), Ocean Sciences receiving $357 million (unchanged) and Polar Programs $435 million (unchanged). NSF’s Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability would receive $139 million (down 14.1 percent).
- The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which coordinates and integrates research over 13 Executive Branch departments and agencies, would receive $2.5 billion (up 0.5 percent).